FCI Samoyed breed standard and description
FCI standard Samoyed breed No. 212 / 09. 01. 1999 /
North of Russia and Siberia
PUBLICATION DATE PREVIOUS STANDARD
Sled dog and companion dog
Group 5. Spitz and primitive types
Section 1. Northern sled dog.
No performance testing.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
The name Samoyed comes from the Samoyed tribes in the north of Russia and Siberia. In the southern part of the region they used white, black and brown dogs; in the northern part of the dog they were pure white, had a pleasant temperament and were used as hunting and sled dogs. Samoyed dogs lived next to their owners, they were even used as warmers. The British zoologist Ernst Kilburn-Scott spent three months among the Samoyed tribes in 1889. Returning to England, he brought with him a brown male nicknamed Sabarka. Later he imported a creamy female Whitey Pechora and a white male Mustafa from Siberia. These few dogs became the basis for breeding European Samoyeds. The first standard was created in England in 1909.
Medium sized, elegant, white arctic spitz. Appearance gives the impression of strength, endurance, charm, softness, dignity and self-confidence.
The expression on the face, known as the Samoyed Smile, consists of the shape of the eyes and slightly curved corners of the mouth.
Sexual dimorphism is pronounced.
Important proportions: body length approximately 5% greater than height at withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than half the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle is approximately equal to the length of the skull.
Behavior and temperament
Friendly, open, alert, active. The hunting instinct is slightly expressed. Not timid and not aggressive. Very Cannot be used as guard dogs.
Powerful and wedge-shaped.
Skull: The widest place is between the ears. Slightly visible furrows between the eyes.
The transition from the forehead to the muzzle: clearly expressed, but not too noticeable.
Nose: Well developed, preferably black. In some periods of the year, the pigment of the nose may disappear (the so-called “winter nose”), however, dark pigment always remains along the edges.
Muzzle: Strong and deep, gradually tapering towards the nose, not pointed, not heavy or square. The back of the nose is straight.
Lips: Tight, black and fairly full. The corners of the mouth are slightly curved to form the characteristic Samoyed Smile.
Jaws / teeth: scissor bite. The teeth and jaws are strong. Normal dentition.
Eyes: dark brown, slightly slanting and almond-shaped. Expression of "smile", kindness, sensitivity and quick wit are reflected in the eyes. The pupils are black.
Ears: Standing, rather small, thick, triangular and slightly rounded at the tips. They must be agile, high placed.
Strong, medium length, proud posture.
A little longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact, but flexible.
Withers: Well defined.
Back: medium length, muscular and straight in bitches slightly longer than in males.
Loin: Short, very strong and pronounced.
Croup: Strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
Chest: broad, deep, reaching almost to the elbows. The ribs are well arched.
Belly: moderately tightened.
Tail: set quite high. When the dog is in motion, the tail bends to the back or to the side, but can hang at rest, reaching the hocks.
General impression: muscular, powerful. Seen from the front, straight and parallel.
Elbows: adjacent to the body.
Forefeet: oval with long toes, flexible and directed straight ahead.
General view: when viewed from the back, straight and parallel with very strong muscles.
Hips: Medium length, broad enough and muscular.
Knees: with well-defined angles.
Hind feet: Similar to the front. Dewclaws should be removed.
Movement: powerful, free and outwardly tireless, with a long step. Good front limb exit and good rear repulsion.
Coat: plentiful, dense. Samoyed is a dog with a double coat structure: short, soft and thick undercoat and a longer, stiffer and more straight coat. The coat should form a collar around the neck and shoulders, frame the head, especially in males. The hair on the head and on the front of the legs is short and straight on the outside of the ears is short and smooth. Inside the ears should be well pubescent. On the back of the thighs, the wool forms pants. Protective hair grows between the fingers. The tail should be abundantly covered with hair. Fur of a female is often shorter and softer in texture than a male. The wool of the correct structure should always have a special sparkling shine.
Color: pure white, cream or biscuit white. However, the dog should not look light brown.
Height at withers: Ideal height: male - 57 cm (tolerance ± 3 cm), females - 53 cm (tolerance ± 3 cm).
Any deviation from the above points should be considered a flaw, and the seriousness with which the flaw is regarded should be proportional to its degree.
Visible deficiencies in the structure:
Dogs in the bitch type and females in the dog type.
Double tail curl.
Crooked leg or cow set.
Wavy or short hair all over the body, or excessively long, soft.
Unpigmented areas of the pupils or lips.
Aggressive or overly shy.
The eyes are blue or multi-colored.
Snack or overshot mouth.
Ears are not upright.
The color of the coat is different than permitted by the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified.
Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.